By Bobb Rousseau
By giving the central state the authority to arrange elections for the nation in any respect ranges, the Haitian structure of 1987 conceives the electoral system as a pin-free bomb whose procedures are flamable supplies that explode in every electoral cycle to plunge the nation right into a labyrinth of collective terror and political instability.
Democratic governance mustn’t grant any authorities the authority to carry elections as a result of no authorities needs to be decide, jury, social gathering, and executor in opposition to itself. Elections organized by a central energy are all the time marred by fraud, violence, and worldwide interference.
The Haitian electoral system is extremely centralized with an electoral council whose members the federal government appoints. Additionally, this similar authorities chooses the date of the elections, funds the elections, establishes the eligibility standards for candidates in any respect ranges, and tabulates and publishes the outcomes. The central authorities maintains its affect over the electoral and litigation places of work unfold throughout the nation as their members are additionally appointed by the federal government. The individuals don’t take part within the appointment of those that run these departmental and communal electoral buildings.
Such a system is incompatible with the fundamental ideas of participatory democracy. It violates articles 66 to 88 of the structure on the decentralization by devolution of the nation’s establishments. It promotes uniformity over range within the electoral system, presents a single level of failure and facilitates electoral fraud. It have to be decentralized right down to the communal part to allocate to native authorities the facility to arrange elections to exchange their elected representatives. This will keep away from gaps within the parliament and the appointment of government officers on the head of municipalities.
The buildings for this decentralization exist already by means of the theoretically decentralized departmental and communal electoral places of work of the electoral council. They shall be prolonged to even be current on the stage of the municipal part. They will probably be everlasting and financed by municipal taxes. In follow, they aren’t decentralized as a result of they haven’t any authority to determine their very own election procedures or eligibility standards. Their operation is determined by the electoral decree written, submitted and voted by the central energy.
Each part, every commune and every division may have an electoral group and an electoral disputes workplace. When a time period ends, it is going to be as much as every of them, as an electoral district, to arrange elections to elect or renew their respective employees. The dates for the elections could also be totally different per electoral district for native, municipal and legislative elections, however they would be the similar for presidential ones.
Candidates for the senatorial elections will probably be required to register for every municipality within the division they intend to characterize and people for the presidential elections for every division. A municipality or a division could refuse or reject any utility that doesn’t meet their respective standards.
The capability to arrange the elections will revert to every constituency as an alternative of a centralized state physique. The CEP will nonetheless have its place within the system as a management physique guaranteeing transparency and certification of outcomes. The National Litigation Electoral Officewill be the enchantment physique earlier than the courtroom of cassation or the constitutional courtroom within the occasion of irregularities violating the ideas of democracy and respect for human rights.
After the certification of the outcomes and the swearing-in of the legislators by the electoral council, the senator who obtains probably the most votes will sit in parliament to characterize his division whereas the opposite two will kind the departmental legislature to work in live performance with the departmental and interdepartmental assemblies. Deputies will solely be elected for 2 years. They will attend conferences held by their respective departmental legislature and municipal meeting.
This new system will probably be democratic in that it’s going to give a voice to native authorities and on the similar time will scale back violence, tally manipulation, and electoral fraud.
Bobb Rousseau holds a Ph.D. in Administration and Public Policy with specializations in Public Law and Managing Local Government. Dr. Rousseau firmly believes that the Haitian diaspora within the United States is at a major stage to construct a horny political drive that may shift U.S. immigration, diplomacy, and humanitarian help to Haiti and to advance the Haitian agenda world wide.