Fuel subsidy: To be or to not be?

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Reports emerged that the Nigerian Government may suspend plans to discontinue its subsidy funds as experiences point out that the FG plans to spend N720 billion for the subsequent 6 months on petroleum subsidies.

A authorities supply disclosed that “specifically, President Buhari has asked the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) to suspend any idea on subsidy removal for five to six months so that a plan that does not harm ordinary Nigerians is evolved if the deregulation must go on.”

The information of subsidy extension could come as a shock after Mele Kyari, Group Managing Director, NNPC simply final month hinted that the Federal Government spends N120 billion a month on subsidies and should improve gas pump worth to between N211 – N238/litre quickly to mirror market costs, because the NNPC could not carry the burden of the particular market worth.

Also, in January 2021, the federal authorities insisted that it’ll go forward with its coverage on the removing of subsidy on petrol and electrical energy, with no provision made within the 2021 price range for his or her subsidy.

“We are not bringing back fuel subsidy. We didn’t make provision for fuel subsidy in the budget. The impact of what was done was reducing some of the cost components that were within the template. And also related to it, on matters of electricity subsidies, no provisions have been made for subsidy for fuel and no provisions have been made for subsidy for electricity,” Finance Minister, Zainab Ahmed disclosed.

Why then is the Federal Government extending one thing it has clearly acknowledged to be a burden on its funds, even to the purpose of creating no provision for it within the National Budget? David Hundeyin, Award-winning journalist and BusinessDay columnists says the deal to increase subsidy has setback any dialogue on the deregulation of the sector.

On penalties of subsidy extension

“It has effectively postponed any talk of deregulation for at least another 6 months, which means the current hideous arrangement which distorts the market for the benefit of a tiny few will persist for at least that long,” Hundeyin stated.


What the federal government must put in place earlier than subsidy removing

The main purpose subsidy removing is a sensitive subject is the straightforward incontrovertible fact that Nigerians can not afford the hike in PMS worth that will accompany subsidy removing. Needless to say, that one other hike within the worth of PMS would additional drive up meals inflation fee (which is presently over 20%). When different penalties akin to elevated price of transportation and elevated price of powering small companies are thought of within the mild of prevailing financial realities, the hardship {that a} hike would inflict on peculiar Nigerians isn’t laborious to think about.

Removing gas subsidy would require a long-term play of communication and severe coverage route which focuses primarily on growing GDP per capita of residents to deal with the inevitable subsidy removing. Hundeyin additionally stresses the necessity for a transparent communication technique between the federal government and the lots.

“The most important thing is a clear communication strategy to educate Nigerians about the true state of their public finances and rid them of the notion that the fact of being an oil-producing country entitles Nigerians to cheap or subsidized fuel. Of course, this will require political will which currently is not there, so this is unlikely to happen,” he says.


The gas subsidy removing extension has clearly disrupted months of anticipated gas deregulation, particularly for the reason that NNPC had made it clear that it can not afford to proceed paying subsidy. However, eradicating gas subsidy at a interval of rising meals inflation and unemployment would have proved a severe political and financial fake pax as most Nigerians are barely getting by.

The FG must do extra within the areas of communication, creating and implementing financial insurance policies that drive productiveness and wealth creation with the final word purpose of bettering GDP per capita.


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