Review: Excerpts from Aig-Imoukhuede’s interview with African Banker Magazine 

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The Nigerian beverage market has been dominated by Nigerian Breweries Plc (NB Plc) and Guinness Plc for many years.

Nigeran Breweries Plc, a subsidiary of Heineken International was the pioneer and started brewing and advertising beer in 1949 (sure, earlier than there was Nigeria). Nigeria additionally has some historical past with Guinness Plc, a subsidiary of Diageo as Nigeria was the primary location to be chosen outdoors Great Britain to brew the stout lager in 1963.

NB Plc has 9 breweries throughout Nigeria with two malting crops, whereas Guinness has 5 brewing crops.

This image has since modified as Anheuser-Busch In Bev (AB InBev), the world’s largest beer producer, entered Nigeria in 2016 as International Breweries.

READ: Nigerian Breweries to pay Heineken BV mega dividend of N2.9 billion

How has elevated competitors and the autumn in customers affected each beverage firms? Who has responded higher? I’ll evaluate the FY 2020 efficiency of each firms within the fast-moving shopper items phase to present an perception into how resilient these firms are.

For consistency, I’m utilizing figures from my TradingView platform.

First, let’s have a look at Income, NB Plc posted a 9% drop in Gross Profit however a rise in complete revenues from FY 2019 to N337b in FY2020. This is spectacular contemplating the autumn in shopper spending as a result of COVID-19 lockdown in 2020. However, NB plc achieved this improved gross sales with a ten% increased Cost of Sales development. Net Income for NB Plc was posted at N7.36b, an enormous 54% fall from 2019 figures.


NB Plc has seen detrimental Net Income figures since 2018 and posted detrimental Total Revenues numbers for 2 out of the final three years since 2018. This is mirrored within the EPS determine of simply 0.92 posted in 2020. This fall in incomes has pushed the Price to Earnings Ratio to a excessive of 60.82.

READ: Guinness Nigeria’s market value surged by N23.8 billion in March 2021

Guinness posted a 17% drop in gross revenue, with a steep 20% fall in complete income, nevertheless it trimmed its Cost of Sales by 21% and posted an enormous detrimental Net Income variety of -N12b. This Guinness explains is a one-time cost on a rare merchandise being write-down of belongings. On an EPS foundation, Guinness thus posts a detrimental -5.74 Earning per Share. Whilst the 2020 outcomes replicate the impression of extraordinary objects, Guinness additionally noticed a fall in Total Revenues, Operating Income, and Net Income earlier than the COVID impression in 2019.

The drawback for each firms is gross sales. Total revenues for NB and Guinness have been flat or detrimental since 2019, particularly each Guinness and NB posted detrimental Gross Profit when in comparison with 2019 FY outcomes. However, one firm posted a constructive Gross Profit and complete income, sure, International Breweries (IB Plc). IB Plc is reaching increased income numbers on the again of vastly growing Cost of Sales. This once more displays in a detrimental EPS of-0.47 for IB Plc. This signifies that IB Plc is prepared to incur enormous advertising prices to seize market share.

READ: Alcoholic beverage makers on NSE lose a total N27.7 billion in a single day

Inventory turnover for IB is quicker at 6.60 when in comparison with 5.89 for NB Plc and a couple of.77 for Guinness. In essence, IB is promoting her manufacturers quicker than each NB and Guinness.

Next, we have a look at the Balance Sheet. Nigerian Breweries Total Equity which is Total Assets much less Total Liabilities is a constructive N161b which interprets to a ebook worth per share of N20.96. In essence, in the event you bought all of the belongings of NB PLC and paid all of the debt of N91.45b, and shared out the online steadiness to all shareholders, they might obtain N20.14 per share. Guinness has constructive complete fairness of N73b, this interprets to a ebook worth per share of 33.34, a lot increased than NB as a result of Guinness has a decrease debt of N23b.

Again each firms noticed a dip in complete fairness with Nigerian Breweries complete fairness falling by 3.92% from 2019 and Guinness by a whopping 17.9% in the identical interval. Again to distinction with International Breweries who posts a Total Equity of N151b with a ebook worth per share of N5.65 based mostly on a a lot increased debt variety of N115b. In abstract, utilizing the Debt to Asset ratio, IB Plc is extra leveraged at 0.31 when in comparison with NB Plc at 0.21 and Guinness at 0.08. If rates of interest proceed to rise, this eats extra into IB Plc.

READ: NB Plc gains as profit-taking in Dangote Sugar, PZ weigh on consumer goods stocks

Next, we have a look at the money place by analyzing the Free Cash Flow place. FCF is the money accessible for the corporate to repay collectors or pay dividends and curiosity. FCF excludes non-cash bills. Nigerian Breweries has a detrimental money place of -N447b, pushed primarily from Capital Expenditures. This interprets to a Price to Cash ratio of 5.49. For Price to Cash Flow, decrease is healthier. Guinness FCF place is a constructive N1.93b with a decrease and higher Price to Cash of two.55. IB Plc additionally posts a constructive FCF of N32b and Price to Cashflow of three.14, nevertheless, it is very important notice that IB Plc has paid no dividends for 3 years.

Finally, we plot the effectivity of administration of each firms by evaluating them to 3 efficiency ratios in Table 1 beneath.


Table 1.

  Return on Equity % Return on Invested Capital % Net Margin %
Nigerian Breweries Plc 4.48 3.62 2.18
Guinness Plc -15.52 -14.72 -12.5
IB Plc -15.53 -7.96 -9.04

NB Plc, when in comparison with Guinness and IB publish higher profitability numbers however all three breweries are enjoying in a market the place customers have a decrease buying energy and want to affordability. Net Income for all three breweries is nicely beneath numbers posted in 2017. The danger to those firms is the shrinking market. Prices can’t be reduce endlessly, thus productiveness enhancements to cut back prices would be the differentiator.

Unless the financial system improves, it is a sector to be watched earlier than you leap in.

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