Unemployment has been a bane of many nations, particularly in Nigeria, as there are projections that the nation’s unemployment price will attain an all-time excessive of 31.4% in 2021.
In this interview with Nairametrics, the Head, Research, Evaluation and studying efforts at Jobberman Nigeria, a web-based profession portal, Femi Balogun, defined that not sufficient jobs are being created. In 2018, he stated Nigeria solely created about 450,000 new jobs whereas over 5 million individuals joined the labour pressure.
To him, restricted interplay between employers and job seekers in addition to coverage and cultural constraints are on the core of the employment challenges the nation at present is going through. Excerpts:
How would you assess unemployment in Nigeria, particularly with the second wave of Covid-19?
Unemployment has been a important problem for the nation and this has deepened as a result of COVID-19 pandemic. According to the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), between Q3 2018 and Q2 2020, Nigeria’s unemployment price rose from 23.1% to 27.1%, whereas the underemployment price rose from 20.1% to twenty-eight.6%. Recent projections additionally recommend that, in 2021, Nigeria’s unemployment price will attain an all-time excessive of 31.4%.
Quite a few elements contribute to this. Firstly, is that not sufficient jobs are being created – in 2018 as an illustration, Nigeria solely created about 450,000 new jobs whereas over 5 million individuals joined the labour pressure. Furthermore, gaps inside our schooling system additionally contribute to this problem as World Bank knowledge means that 18 – 20% of tertiary graduates would require coaching interventions for about 1 – 4 years to change into employable. At the identical time, restricted interplay between employers and job seekers in addition to coverage and cultural constraints are that core of the employment problem we’re at present confronted with.
The points that mitigate such excessive ranges of unemployment and underemployment must be addressed with urgency.
If Nigeria is house to about half of West Africa’s younger individuals, what dimension of the inhabitants are jobless?
With a inhabitants of 200 million, younger individuals make up half of the nation’s inhabitants. According to PWC unemployment is highest amongst youth between 15-34 years (41% amongst 15-24-year-olds and 31% amongst 25 – 34-year-olds), and this group constitutes 35% of the nation’s inhabitants – one of many largest on this planet.
Data from the Nigerian Bureau of Statistics has additionally proven that the variety of unemployed 24-year-olds [40% of the youth labour force] within the nation has nearly tripled to 14 million since 2014.
How would you assess talent gaps in Nigeria and what sectors are most affected?
Our analysis of the roles market reveals excessive competency in digital expertise at entry-level positions however as the abilities required advance, there’s a dramatic fall in certified candidates and purposes made. For occasion, there may be an awesome expertise hole in three subsectors – Software Development, Digital Analysis and Network & Cybersecurity.
Within the Software Development cluster, our findings point out that 73% of job seekers price their proficiency at a inexperienced persons stage throughout expertise comparable to pc programming, cloud infrastructure, UI/UX, net design, cell improvement and design pondering. Likewise for Digital Analysis and Network & Cybersecurity clusters.
This creates a requirement hole for positions comparable to Security Engineering, Data Science, Cyber Security and Security Architecture with a requirement scale ranging between 10% and 45%.
Within the Digital Marketing sub-sector, knowledge suggests rising competencies in social media administration and content material improvement with proficiency scores above 40% at superior ranges. Identifying a expertise hole in Sales, Marketing Campaigns and Search Engine Optimisation with proficiency ranges as little as 8.13% and no increased than 16.92%.
Based in your expertise and out there knowledge, what are the elements liable for this hole?
Although younger individuals are described as digital natives, there’s a digital literacy hole which excludes younger individuals from harnessing the alternatives that the digital financial system presents. This might be attributed to challenges comparable to inadequate entry to the web, dated curriculum and lack of profession improvement programs.
This problem can, partially, be linked to gaps throughout the schooling system that forestalls younger individuals from growing expertise (technical and gentle expertise) and achieve the required confidence to be employable.
This hole in human capital optimisation is on the core of the inefficiency in Nigeria’s labour market as Nigeria captures solely 49% of its full human capital potential, in comparison with a continental common of 55%, starting from 67% in Mauritius to 44% in Chad
What position do you suppose the federal government can play in addressing these points?
The improved efficiency of the digital sector is, partially, derived from enhancements in reforms and governance. In order to reap the benefits of rising alternatives throughout the digital sector, the Federal Ministry of Communications and Digital Economy launched the National Digital Economic Policy and Strategy (NDEPS). This has helped to forge partnerships in the direction of advancing an inclusive digital financial system.
To obtain the aim of reducing the entry barrier to digital instruments for the residents, the federal government has set a benchmark of 95% digital literacy charges to be achieved within the subsequent ten years (2030) by States and LGAs assist.
It is anticipated that by the coverage, younger individuals might be outfitted with the mandatory expertise to accumulate respectable jobs whereas remodeling Nigeria into a number one digital financial system.
What exactly do you recommend authorities ought to do?
There are quite a few issues the federal government can do: One is to put money into Human Capital Development. The authorities can do effectively by strengthening schooling establishments and supporting reforms in schooling to develop industry-relevant curriculum for improved expertise, whereas additionally galvanising assist for digital expertise and gentle expertise coaching particularly for girls and marginalised communities.
Another is to Create an Enabling Environment. A pleasant regulatory atmosphere is crucial for the digital financial system to develop. Similarly, investing in infrastructure that allows ICT adoption (comparable to broadband web and electrical energy) are essential.
Support the Innovation Ecosystem: Courting public-private partnerships to stimulate and maintain the demand for using digital platforms in addition to advancing insurance policies that enhance enterprise local weather might be helpful in boosting funding alternatives.
What are probably the most wanted roles companies are looking for within the employment market primarily based on the information from the Jobberman website?
We have seen a rise in roles within the know-how sector since April 2020, after we ran our “Unity in Adversity” marketing campaign. Technology had a lot of the new jobs with 18.79%, adopted by banking, finance and insurance coverage with 9.27% and schooling and coaching with 6.78%.
What can we do otherwise in our academic system to raised put together our graduates for the roles on the market?
A clear jobs market which gathers reside knowledge concerning the numerous sectors, job calls for and expertise required will assist to strengthen instructional establishments and assist reforms in schooling, in addition to develop industry-relevant curriculum. Jobberman is striving for a 100% clear market which is able to solely be achieved when all jobs are posted on-line.
We are on the cusp of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, kids in major college must be growing IT expertise to allow them to make the transition from college to work.
What are the challenges you undergo gathering knowledge?
I believe it’s principally the provision of correct info. Data seize and storage is changing into more and more vital on the continent however we’re simply beginning to construct. We needed to undergo additional effort to guarantee that all the data we offered within the report was true and updated.
COVID-19 has made it much more troublesome to gather knowledge each quantitative and qualitative. Now we have now to conduct interviews and focus group discussions on-line. The pandemic has additionally helped us to grasp that on-line knowledge assortment is a rising tradition with a large hole to cowl.